This ebook includes a compendium of 25 papers released because the Nineteen Seventies facing pi and linked themes of arithmetic and computing device science. the gathering starts off with a Foreword by means of Bruce Berndt. each one contribution is preceded by way of a quick precis of its content material in addition to a shorty key glossary indicating how the content material pertains to others within the assortment. the amount comprises articles on real computations of pi, articles on mathematical questions with regards to pi (e.g., “Is pi normal?”), articles proposing new and sometimes remarkable recommendations for computing digits of pi (e.g., the “BBP” set of rules for pi, which allows one to compute an arbitrary binary digit of pi while not having to compute any of the digits that got here before), papers providing very important basic mathematical effects on the subject of pi, and papers proposing new, high-tech options for studying pi (i.e., new graphical ideas that let one to visually see if pi and different numbers are “normal”).

This quantity is a significant other to *Pi: A resource Book* whose 3rd variation published in 2004. the current assortment starts with 2 papers from 1976, released through Eugene Salamin and Richard Brent, which describe “quadratically convergent” algorithms for pi and different easy mathematical features, derived from a few mathematical paintings of Gauss. Bailey and Borwein carry that those papers represent the start of the trendy period of computational mathematics. this period of time (1970s) additionally corresponds with the advent of high-performance desktops (supercomputers), which seeing that that point have elevated relentlessly in energy, via nearly an element of 100,000,000, advancing approximately on the comparable expense as Moore’s legislations of semiconductor expertise. This e-book might be of curiosity to a variety of mathematical readers; a few articles hide extra complicated learn questions compatible for energetic researchers within the field, but numerous are hugely available to undergraduate arithmetic students.

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